CHAPTER IX.

SKETCHES OF PROMINENT REVISERS.

Abbot. - Professor Ezra, D. D., LL. D., of the Divinity School of Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., member of the American New Testament Company. Born at Jackson, Me., April 29th, 1819; graduated at Bowdoin College in 1840; became assistant librarian at Harvard College in 1856; professor of New Testament Criticism and Interpretation in 1872, and still holds that post. He has assisted on Smith's "Bible Dictionary," Noyes' "New Testament," and many other critical works, besides being a frequent contributor to the reviews, magazines, etc.

Aiken. - Professor Charles A., D. D., LL. D., of the Theological Seminary at Princeton, N. J., member of the American Old Testament Company. Born at Manchester, Vt.; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1846, and at Andover Theological Seminary in 1853; was pastor until 1859; professor of Latin in Dartmouth College and in the College of New Jersey until 1869; president of Union College until 1871, and is now professor of Christian .Ethics in Princeton Theological Seminary. He was one of the translators of Lange's Commentary, and has been frequent contributor to the "Bibliotheca Sacra," the "Princeton Review," and other journals.

Alexander. - The Rev. William Lindsay, D. D., Professor of Theology, Congregational Church Hall, Edinburgh, and member of the English Old Testament Committee. Born August 24th, 1808; educated at the universities of Edinburgh and St. Andrew's; taught the classics; served as a minister; became professor of theology in 1854; and was a member of the Revision Committee from the outset. He has published several doctrinal and miscellaneous works.

Alford. - The Very Rev. Henry, D. D., Dean of Canterbury, member of the English New Testament Revisers. He was born in London in 1810; educated at Trinity College, Cambridge; became Dean of Canterbury in 1856; and died August 13th, 1871. Dean Alford was a poet as well as a scholar. As early as 1835 he issued "The School of the Heart, and other Poems," for which he was highly commended by the Edinburgh Review. In 1844-52, he issued a critical Greek New Testament, by which he gained a high reputation as a Biblical scholar. A work of his, entitled "The Queen's English," attracted considerable attention and added largely to his reputation.

Angus. - The Rev. Joseph, D. D., President of the Baptist College, Regent's Park, London, member of the English New Testament Company. Born January 16th, 1816; educated at the University of Edinburgh; is author of many valuable books on the Bible and kindred subjects, among which are "The Bible Hand-book," "Hand-book of English Literature," an edition of "Butler's Analogy," etc., etc. Dr. Angus was a member of the revision committees of the American Bible Union some years ago, and in 1873 he visited this country as a delegate to the Evangelical Alliance which was then assembled in New York.

Bickersteth. - The Very Rev. Edward Henry, D. D., Prolocutor, Dean of Lichfield, and member of the English New Testament Company. His father was a distinguished English clergyman and theologian. The son is distinguished both as a clergyman and a Poet. He was born January 25th, 1825, and was educated at Cambridge. His poetry is chiefly upon religious themes, and he has won especial reputation for his "Rock of Ages," and his "Yesterday, Today and For Ever." As a critic of fine sensibility and keen discrimination, he has few equals.

Chase. - President Thomas, LL.D., of Haverford College, Pa., member of the American New Testament Company. Born at Worcester, Mass., June 16th, 1827; graduated at Harvard in 1848; served as Latin professor at Harvard for three years; studied in Berlin for three years more; entered Haverford College in 1855 as professor of classical literature; and, finally, became president of the institution. He has edited standard editions of Virgil, Horace and Livy, and has issued a volume of personal observations in Greece, which book he entitles "Hellas."

 Conant. - Professor Thomas J., D. D., member of the American Old Testament Company. Born at Brandon, Vt., December 13th, 1802; graduated at Middlebury College in 1823; was professor of languages in Waterville College (now Colby University), Maine, until 1835; professor of Biblical literature in the Theological Seminary at Hamilton, N. Y., and subsequently at Rochester, until 1859. He has published a translation of Gesenius's "Hebrew Grammar," and a new version of the "Book of Job," which has gained him a high European reputation. He has also published upon Genesis and the Psalms, together with many other kindred topics. He is conceded to be one-of the most accomplished Hebraists in America.

Crooks. - George R., D. D., a prominent Methodist clergyman and member of the American New Testament Company. Born in Philadelphia, February 3d, 1822; graduated at Dickinson College in 1840; served in various schools and colleges as teacher and professor, and in various churches as pastor; published text-books of Greek and Latin, a Latin-English Lexicon, etc. As a journalist he acquired distinction in his management of the "Methodist." He is an able advocate of revision, but he did not enter into the work directly, but resigned at an early day.

Crosby. - Howard, D.D., LL.D., Chancellor of the New York University, and member of the American New Testament Company. Born in New York, February 27th, 1826; graduated at the New York University in 1844; served as professor of Greek in Rutger's College, N. J., and in his Alma Mater; and finally became a pastor in his native city; adding to this duty, that of Chancellor in 1870. He has published "Lands of the Moslem," "Notes on the New Testament," "Bible Manual," and many other works; besides being an ardent and practical worker in every cause promising benefit to mankind.

Day. - Professor George Edward, D.D., of the Divinity School of Yale College, New Haven, General Secretary of the American Revision Committee, and member of the Old Testament Company. Born at Pittsfield, Mass., March t9th, 1815; graduated at Yale College in 1833, and at the Yale Theological Seminary in 1838; was assistant instructor in that institution for two years; then settled in the ministry until 1851, since which time he has filled professional chairs, since 1866, having been professor of the Hebrew language and literature and of Biblical theology in his present post. He has edited the "Theological Eclectic," and the "Bibliotheca Sacra." He was one of the translators of "Lange's Commentaries," a contributor to Smith's "Bible Dictionary," and has published numerous articles of distinguished merit in the leading reviews of the land.

Eadie. - The Rev. John, D. D., LL. D., formerly Professor of Biblical Literature in the United Presbyterian College at Glasgow, and member of the English New Testament Company. Born at Alva, Stirlingshire, May 9th, 1814, and educated at Glasgow University. He published a "Biblical Cyclopaedia," "Life of Kitto," a "Condensed Concordance of the Holy Scriptures," etc. He was not permitted to see the work of revision completed, but died before its end came.

Elliott. - The Right Rev. Charles John, D. D., Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol, Chairman of the English New Testament Company. Born at Whitwell, England, in 1819; appointed Hulsean lecturer in 1859; and in the next year, Hulsean professor of divinity at Cambridge; made bishop in 1863. Celebrated for his "Historical Lectures on the Life of Our Lord Jesus Christ;" and especially for his "Commentaries on the Epistles of St. Paul," which, with kindred works, have placed him in the front rank of Biblical critics.

Fairbairn. - The Rev. Patrick, D.D., formerly principal of the Free Church College, Glasgow; and member of the English Company of Old Testament Revisers. He was born in Scotland in 1805; graduated at the University of Edinburgh. He filled various positions as a pastor, and in 1856 became principal and professor of systematic theology and New Testament exegesis in the Free Church Theological School at Glasgow. He died suddenly August 6th, 1874. He is author of a standard work on "Typology," a "Commentary on Ezekiel," "Prophecy," etc. He visited this country in 1871.

Field. - The Rev. Frederick, D. D., member of the English Old Testament Revision Committee. Born early in the present century and graduated at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1823. In 1839 he edited the Greek text of St. Chrysostom's "Homiletics on St. Matthew;" later he edited the same author on the "Interpretation of the Pauline Epistles," and the "Septuagint Version of the Old Testament according to the Alexandrian Codex." Since 1863 he has edited Origen's "Hexapla." In matters of Old Testament critical learning he has scarce an equal and, it may be safely said, no superiors.

Green. - Professor William Henry, D. D., LL.D., of the Theological Seminary, Princeton, N. J., Chairman of the American Old Testament Company of Revisers. Born in Burlington County, N. J., January 27th, 1825, graduated at Lafayette College, Pa., 1840; became teacher of Hebrew at Princeton Theological Seminary in 1846, and assumed the professorship in that department in 1851, which post he still holds. He is author of a "Hebrew Grammar," "Hebrew Chrestomathy," "The Pentateuch Vindicated," and other works alike scholarly. He has been specially active in the revision work of this country.

Hackett. - Professor Horatio Balch, D. D., LL. D., formerly member of the American New Testament Company. He was born December 27th, 1808; graduated at Amherst College in 1830; studied theology at Andover Seminary, and afterwards at Halle and Berlin; became professor of Latin in Brown University, subsequently holding various positions at Amherst College, Newton Theological Seminary, and the Theological Seminary at Rochester, N. Y. At this latter place he died November 2d, 1875. He was an active worker on "Lange's Commentary," "Smith's Dictionary of the Bible," and other scholarly works.

Hadley. - Professor James, LL.D., formerly of Yale College, and member of the American New Testament Company. He was born March 30th, 1821; graduated at Yale College in 1842; studied theology; taught in Middlebury College and at Yale College, where he became professor of Greek in 1851, and died November 14th, 1872· It is well said, that "few men in either hemisphere have made such attainments" as he. He was familiar with the Greek, Hebrew, Arabic, Armenian, Sanskrit, Welsh, Gaelic, Irish, Swedish and other modern languages. He was permitted to do but little work in the revision movement, from which death so soon laid him aside.

Hare. - Professor George Emlen, D. D., LL.D., of the Divinity School at Philadelphia, member of the American Old Testament Company of Revisers. Born at Philadelphia, September 4th, 1808; graduated at Union College in 1825; served in various pastorates until 1858, when he became professor of Biblical learning in the above-mentioned Divinity School. He is author of several valuable works and articles, and is devotedly attached to exegetical work,

Hodge. - Professor Charles, D. D., LL.D., formerly of the Princeton Theological Seminary for over a half century, and member of the American New Testament Company of Revisers. He was born in Philadelphia, December 28th, 1797, and died but a few years ago, having remained in active service in the Seminary for fifty-four years. His writings were very extensive, and were of the solid and scholarly sort. In the Reviews, Commentaries, etc., he was regarded as an authority of great weight.

Humphry. - The Rev. William Gilson, M. A., member of the English New Testament Revision Company, and Vicar of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London, having entered the latter post in 1855. Born in 1815; graduated in 1837, at Cambridge; and has been lecturer in some of the more distinguished courses of learned effort. He has written a "Commentary on the Book of Acts" and "The Character of St. Paul," with other works of acknowledged merit.

Kendrick. - Professor Asahel Clark, D. D., LL.D., born at Poultney, Vt., December 7th, 1809; graduated at Hamilton College, New York, in 1831; was professor of ancient languages from 1831 to 1850, at Madison University, New York, and since the last date at the University of Rochester, New York. He has edited various editions of the classics, has been an active worker on "Lange's Commentary'' and other critical works. On the New Testament Company of the Revision Committee he has from the first been a most valuable helper.

Kennedy. - The Rev. Benjamin Hall, D. D, Canon of Ely and Regius Professor of Greek, member of the English New Testament Company of Revisers. Born November 6th, 1804; graduated at Cambridge in 1827; entered the ministry of the English Church; became master at Harron, head-master at Shrewsbury, and in 1867 he entered his present professional post. He has held many positions of honor and responsibility in his church, and has written much that is valuable in the study of classical languages.

Krauth. - Professor Charles Porterfield, D. D., LL.D., Vice-Provost of the University of Pennsylvania, and member of the American Old Testament Revision Company. Born March 17th, 1823, at Martinsburg, Va.; graduated at the Pennsylvania College, at Gettysburg, Pa., in 1839; spent some years in pastoral work; spent other periods abroad; was in 1864 chosen professor in the Lutheran Seminary of Philadelphia; in 1868 he entered the professorship of intellectual and moral philosophy, and subsequently was made Vice-Provost in the institution where he still remains. He has been a voluminous writer in a wide range of topics, chiefly of a critical and historical sort. He has given special attention to matters pertaining to the Scriptures. His library, containing about 13,000 volumes, is one of the most carefully selected in the country.

Leathes. - The Rev. Stanley, D. D., Professor of Hebrew in King's College, London; and member of the English Old Testament Revision Company. Born at Ellesborough, England, March 21st, 1830; educated at Cambridge, and served in several clerical positions, entering his present professional chair in 1863. He has filled honorable posts as a lecturer before the English Universities, and in 1873 was a delegate to the Evangelical Alliance in New York. His best known work is the "Witness of St. John to Christ."

Lee. - The Right Rev. Alfred, D. D., Bishop of the P. E. Church, and member of the New Testament Company of the American Committee of Revision. Born at Cambridge, Mass., September 9th, 1807; graduated at Harvard in 1827; practiced law; became a clergyman; was consecrated bishop in 1841. He has done some work as an author, producing the "Life of St. Peter," "Life of St. Paul," etc.

Lewis. - Professor Taylor, LL.D., formerly Professor Emeritus of Greek and Hebrew in Union College, Schenectady, N. Y., and member of the Old Testament Company of American Revisers. Born at Northumberland, Saratoga County, N. Y., March 27th, 1802; graduated at Union College in 1820; practiced law for a time, and then devoted himself to the study of languages, especially the Hebrew, Syriac and Arabic; became professor of Greek in the University of New York in 1838, and at Union College in 1849. He was a writer on many historical and exegetical subjects, being celebrated for the fullness and accuracy of his knowledge. He died in 1877.

Mead. - Professor Charles Marsh, D. D., professor of Hebrew, at Andover Theological Seminary, Mass.; and member of the Old Testament Company of American Revisers. Born in Vermont, January 28th, 1836; graduated at Middlebury College in 1856, and at Andover Theological Seminary in 1862; studied several years in the German universities, and became professor of Hebrew in 1866. He has distinguished himself by scholarly writings and lectures.

Merivale. - The Rev. Charles, D. D., former member of the English New Testament Company, withdrew from the work several years ago. Born in 1808; educated at St. John's, Cambridge; bore many honors in various learned capacities; and in 1869 became Dean of Ely. He is especially distinguished for his various works on the Roman Empire.

Moberly. - The Right Rev. George, D. D., D. C. L., Bishop of Salisbury, and member of the English New Testament Company of Revisers. Born 1803; graduated at Baliol College, Oxford, I825; in which place he subsequently held various honorable positions, until in 1869 he entered his Bishopric. He has written a work on Logic, an "Essay on the Law of the Love of God," "Sermons on the Beatitudes," etc., etc.

Plumptre. - The Rev. Edward Hayes, D. D., formerly Professor of New Testament exegesis in King's College, London, and member of the English Company of the Old Testament Revisers. Born August 6th, 1821; educated at University College, Oxford; occupied the post of chaplain at King's College, London, professor of pastoral theology at the same institution at a later day; prebendary of St. Paul's; professor of New Testament exegesis; Boyle lecturer, etc., etc. He was the author of many publications in the form of sermons, addresses, translations, etc., and the author of many articles in "Smith's Dictionary of the Bible."

Rose. - The Ven. Henry John, Archdeacon of Bedford, formerly of the Old Testament Company of English Revisers. Born 1801; graduated at St. John's College, Cambridge, 1821; became clergyman in the English Church; lecturer in the learned courses; archdeacon in 1866; died January 31st, 1873. He was distinguished for historical and critical learning, having been editor of the "Encyclopaedia Metropolitana," "Rose's Biographical Dictionary," a translator of "Neander's History of the Christian Church," and a large contributor to the current essays and reviews.

Schaff.--The Rev. Professor Philip, D. D., LL.D., President of the General Revision Committee of America, and member of its New Testament Company. Born in Switzerland, January 1st, 1819; studied at Coire, Stuttgart, Tübingen, Halle and Berlin; he passed examinations for the degree of B. D., and for a professorship at Berlin in 1841; lectured at this place on exegesis and church history from 1842-44; came to this country as professor of theology at Mercersburg, Pa., in 1844, at which post he remained until 1863. Since this time he has made his home in New York, lecturing on various subjects and laboring in many good causes. In 1870 he became professor of sacredliterature in the Union Theological Seminary of New York, which post he still occupies. No man has held more positions of honor than has Dr. Schaff. To him was entrusted the work of organizing the American Revision Committee, and its chief management has been under his charge. His writings and the works he has edited are very numerous and of great value. Conspicuous among the latter are the volumes of Lange's great commentary.

Scott. - The Very Rev. ROBERT, D. D., Dean of Rochester, and member of the English New Testament Revisers. Born in 1811; graduated at Christ Church, Oxford, in 1833; became a tutor in Baliol College; took orders in the Church of England; became professor of exegesis; and in 1870, Dean of Rochester. He has translated various works from the Greek, and is one of the editors of the standard "Liddell and Scott, Greek Lexicon"

Scrivener. - The Rev. Frederick Henry Ambrose, LL.D., member of the English New Testament Revision Committee. Born September 29th, 1813; graduated at Trinity College, Cambridge, 1835; was for many years master of classical schools; served also in clerical positions. He has taken a very high rank as a critic of the New Testament, having edited several editions of the Greek Testament, made a collation of the Sinaitic code with the received text, and in many other ways rendered marked service. So conspicuous, indeed, this service has been, that he was in 1872 granted a pension on the "civil list" of the government," in recognition of his services in connection with Biblical criticism."

Short. - Professor Charles, LL.D., of Columbia College, New York; member of the American New Testament Company of Revisers. Born in 1821; graduated with high honors at Harvard in 1846; was at the head of 'several classical schools, and finally of Kenyon College, Ohio. He became professor of Latin in his present post in 1868. He has done a great deal of work in connection with the classics, and has been a large contributor to the reviews and other learned works. As an Orientalist and Biblical scholar he has long stood in the front rank.

Smith. - Professor Henry Boyton D. D., LL.D., late of the Union Theological Seminary of New York, and of the New Testament Company of Revisers. Born November 21st, 1815; graduated at Bowdoin College in 1834; studied theology; served as tutor; became a pastor; served as professor of mental and moral philosophy in Amherst College, of church history and systematic theology in Union Theological Seminary, serving the latter institution from 1850 to 1874, when he became professor emeritus. As a writer, a professor, a worker in the Presbyterian body of which he was a member, and wherever duty called him, he was an earnest, active, able man. He died in New York, :February 7th, 1877.

Smith. - The Very Rev. Robert Payne, D. D., Dean of Canterbury, and member of the Old Testament Company of English Revisers. Born November 18th, 1818; graduated at Pembroke College, Oxford, 1841, with distinguished honor, being specially eminent in Hebrew and Sanskrit scholarship; entered the clergy of the Church of England; became under-librarian of the Bodleian library; devoted himself largely to Syriac studies in various directions. In 1865, became regius professor of divinity in the University of Oxford, and Dean of Canterbury in 1871. He was a delegate to the Evangelical Alliance, which met at New York in 1873.

Stanley. - The Very Rev. Arthur Penrhyn, D. D., LL.D., Dean of Westminster, and member of the English New Testament Company of Revisers. Born December 13th, 1815; was a favorite student of Dr. Arnold, at Rugby School; distinguished himself as a student in the preparatory school and in the University College, where he graduated in 1838, and where he subsequently taught and held many honorable offices. He became Chaplain to Prince Albert in 1854; to Queen Victoria and the Prince of Wales in 1862; became Dean of Westminster, January, 1864. He made a tour of the East, accompanying the Prince of Wales, in 1862. He has been one of the most prominent men of the English Church for many years. He married Lady Augusta Bruce, the queen's most intimate friend, in 1862. His works are of immense value, and altogether he is one of England's most scholarly men.

Stowe. - Professor Calvin Ellis, D.D., member of the American Old Testament Company. Born April 5th, 1802; graduated at Bowdoin College in 1824, and at Andover Theological Seminary in 1828. He has filled positions as editor and professor in various places, always making specialties of educational interests and Biblical criticisms and history. He also did work as an author on popular Biblical themes.

Strong. - Pro£essor James, S. T. D., of the Drew Theological Seminary, at Madison, N. J., and member of the American Old Testament Company. Born August 14th, 1822; graduated at Wesleyan University in 1844; taught in several schools; superintended the construction and presided over the interests of a railroad; became professor and acting president in Troy University. In 1868 he entered upon his present post as professor of exegetical theology. He has been an extensive traveler, and a voluminous contributor to religious journalism and authorship. Dr. Strong was joint editor on the "Cyclopaedia of Biblicai, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature," in connection with Dr. McClintock, and since 1870, when the latter died, assumed entire control of the preparation of the work.

Thayer. - Professor Joseph Henry, D. D., of Andover Theological Seminary, member and Secretary of the American New Testament Company. Born November 7th, 1828; graduated at Harvard in 1850, and at Andover in 1857; spent some time as a pastor; was chaplain during the civil war; became associate professor of sacred literature at Andover in 1864, and still retains his connection with that institution. He has excelled in classical and Biblical languages and criticism.

Thirlwall. - The Right Rev. Connop, D. D., late Bishop of St. David's, and member of the English Old Testament Company. Born February 11th, 1797; when but eleven years of age produced a volume which was published under the name, "Essays and Poems on Various Subjects;" graduated with distinguished honor at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1818; studied law and finally took orders in the Church of England. He assisted in translating Niebuhr's " History of Rome," and was an active officer in the college work of his land; became bishop in 1840, and died July 27th, 1875. A number of his sermons, essays, addresses, letters, etc., etc., have been issued in three volumes.

Tregelles. - Mr. Samuel Prideaux, LL.D., late member of the English New Testament Company. Born of Quaker parentage, January 30th, 1813; educated at the Falmonth Classical School; engaged in secular business and in teaching; about 1836, addressed himself to the task of preparing a critical edition of the text of the New Testament from the most ancient MSS. and versions. To this end he studied the Oriental languages and devoted himself through life. For his distinguished services in this direction he was finally pensioned by the government. He died April 24th, !875. His publications are very numerous, and all of them deal directly with the text of the Scriptures, especially of the New Testament, in which lines of study he had few equals.

Trench. - The Most Rev. Richard Chenevix, D. D., Archbishop of Dublin, and member of the English/flew Testament Company. Born at Dublin, September 9th, 1807; graduated at Trinity College, Cambridge, 1829; spent some years in travel; took orders in the church; held various positions of honor in the schools and churches; became dean of Westminister in 1856; and entered his present post January 1st, 1864. He has issued several volumes of poems, besides sermons, essays, criticisms and scholarly commentaries on various portions of the Scriptures, including the Miracles, Parables, Sermon on the Mount, Proverbs, Revelation, etc.

Vaughan. - The Rev. Charles John, D. D., member of the English New Testament Company. Born in 1816; educated at Rugby School under Dr. Arnold; graduated at Trinity College, Cambridge, with high honor; became' a clergyman in the Church of England; taught in Harrow School with great success; refused the bishopric of Rochester; became master of the Temple in 1869, and is Chancellor of York Cathedral and Chaplain in ordinary to the queen. He is a recognized leader of the "Broad Church" party, and is eminent as a pulpit orator, and as a commentator on the Pauline epistles. His published works exceed forty volumes.

Washburn. - The Rev. Edward Abiel, D. D., Rector of Calvary P. E. Church of New York, and member of the American New Testament Company of Revisers. Graduated at Harvard in 1838; studied divinity at Andover and New Haven; traveled through the Orient; was professor of church polity at Berkeley Divinity School; and finally entered his present post. (He is since deceased.)

Westcott. - The Rev. Brooke Foss, D. D., Canon of Peterborough, Regius Professor of Divinity in Trinity College, Cambridge, and member of the English New Testament Company. Born January, 1825; graduated at Trinity College, Cambridge, 1848; distinguished himself in classics and mathematics while a student; took orders in the Church of England; filled honorable posts as teacher, preacher, examiner, etc., in-connection with the schools and colleges; entered upon his present official post about 1870; became honorary chaplain to the queen in April, 1875. He wrote Norrisian prize essay on the "History of the Canon of the New Testament during the first Four Centuries." He has also written many other standard works treating the Miracles, the Resurrectional and many of the historic aspects of the English Bible. He was a large and honored contributor to Smith's "Dictionary of the Bible."

Wilberforce. - The Right Rev. Samuel, D. D., late Bishop of Winchester, and member of the English New Testament Company. Born 1805; graduated with high honors at Oriel College, Oxford, in 1826; took orders in the Church of England; held many posts of honor, being chaplain to Prince Albert in 1839, dean of Westminster in 1845, bishop of Oxford in 1845, lord high almoner to the queen in 1847, and entering his bishopric at Winchester in 1809. He was identified with the High Church party, but was opposed to ritualism. He was an able debater and a general favorite. He was killed by a fall from his horse July 19th, 1873. He has published many volumes on miscellaneous subjects.

Woolsey. - Ex-President Theodore Dwight, D. D., LL.D., Chairman of the American New Testament Company. Born October 31st, 1801; graduated at Yale College 1820; studied theology at Princeton; became a tutor in Yale; was licensed to preach in 1825; studied Greek in Germany; became professor of Greek in Yale College in 1831; was president of this institution from 1846 to 1871, when he resigned. He has since resided in New Haven, lecturing in the law school, pursuing special studies in political science, and preaching occasionally in the college chapel and elsewhere. He has been a voluminous writer and one whose productions have all been highly prized. He has edited many classical textbooks, and written largely upon international and other aspects of law. His successor in the presidency at Yale, Dr. Noah Porter, says of him: "As a scholar, President Woolsey is distinguished for the exactness of his knowledge, the extent of his erudition, and the breadth and sagacity of his judgment. . . Few men have secured for themselves the solid respect of so great a number of their countrymen for high personal and moral excellence."

Wordsworth. - The Right Rev. Charles D. C. L., Bishop of St. Andrew's, and member of the English New Testament Company of Revisers. Born 1806; graduated at Christ Church, Oxford, in 1830; was a clergyman and a teacher, W. E. Gladstone, Cardinal Manning, and the late Duke of Newcastle having been pupils under him. He was connected officially with various collegiate institutions; he expended immense sums from his own resources for the endowment of educational institutions. He has been distinguished by his public efforts, and is the author of numerous theological and critical treatises, as also of a widely-used Greek grammar.

Wordsworth. - The Right Rev. Christopher, D. D., late Bishop of Lincoln, and member of the English Old Testament Company. Born in 1807; graduated at Trinity College, Cambridge, 1830, with a most honorable record. He then took orders in the Church of England, traveled in Greece, published several volumes, became Canon of Westminster Abbey, lecturer at the universities, Bishop of Lincoln, and an able worker in all the activities of the Church. His writings and publications include sermons, lectures, travels, criticisms, and are both voluminous and valuable. His death before the completion of the work made a gap in the ranks of the revisers.

Wright. - William, LL.D., professor of Arabic in the University of Cambridge, and member of the English Company of Old Testament Revisers. Born in Bengal, India, January 17th, 1830; educated at the universities of St. Andrew's and Halle; served as professor of Arabic in University College, London; Trinity College, Dublin; and in his present post; received the honorary doctorate of laws from four universities and that of philosophy from a fifth. He has edited works in Arabic, Chaldee, Syriac and Ethiopic, and written many valuable papers on the antiquities of Bible lands, on ancient monuments, manuscripts, etc.

Wright. - William Aldis, Esq., member and Secretary of the English Old Testament Committee, and Bursar of Trinity College, Cambridge. Born 1836; educated at Trinity College, Cambridge; was principal contributor in Biblical geography and biography to "Smith's Bible Dictionary,'' and corrected the proofs of that work. He has also issued and edited many other learned and important productions.